عنوان مقاله [English]
This article seeks to examine the constraints arising from the “rule of law” over the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) verification system within the NNWS. One of the main tasks of the IAEA as an independent intergovernmental, science and technology-based organization is to verify non-nuclear weapon states’ compliance with their international obligations, including the non-diversion of declared nuclear materials and absence of undeclared nuclear material and activities. The ultimate aim of the arms control inspection system is to ensure the exclusively peaceful nature of the nuclear activities of countries. In order to achieve this goal, it does not need either the violation of a country’s sovereignty or the use of force against its nuclear program. From the perspective of international law, the doctrine “anywhere anytime managed access” can jeopardize the maintenance of international peace and security in the long run and increase the willingness of countries to develop nuclear weapons as deterrent against the threats of global powers.