The Evolution of Victims Rights under the Laws of the International Criminal Court



Keeping pace with developments of victims’ rights in the second half of the twentieth century, the International Criminal Court granted them a high position which had never been experienced by the other international criminal tribunals. Based on Article 68 of the Rome Statute and in accordance with the relevant rules of The Rules of Procedure and Evidence, victims - whether in fact natural persons or organizations and institutions - can, either by themselves or by their legal representative, participate in the proceedings of the Court and seek reparations. The victims’ right to participate - if considered appropriate by judges of the Court - has been recognized and is applicable in all stages of the proceedings. The provisions of the Court are general as to victims’ participation, and this has enabled judges to adopt an expanded approach to the subject. The judges of the Court have permitted the participation of victims in the proceedings without disclosure of their identities to the parties.