Convention for the Protection from Enforced Disappearance and the Necessity of Accession of Iran to It

Document Type : academic


Assistant Professor of Faculty of Law, Pardis Farabi Branch of Tehran University


"International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance" entered into force on 21 December 2010 while it had already been adopted by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 December 2006. The provisions which have been embodied under the auspices of the United Nations in the Convention manifest the approach of increasing development of human rights in international and domestic levels. The provisions laid down in the Convention, indeed, shed light on different aspects of an existing, serious violation of human rights in international and domestic levels and in this regard, filled the gap and completed the previous process. In some circumstances, the commission of enforced disappearance results in crime against humanity. In this paper, first of all, the background of the literature will be reviewed briefly and then, the achievements of the Convention will be compared with other regional and international human rights instruments. 


  • منابع:

    الف) فارسی

    ـ کتاب

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    ـ پایان‌نامه


    ب) انگلیسی

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    - Articles

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    - Case Laws

    • Mouvement Burkinabé des Droits de l'H omme et des Peuples/ Burkino Faso, 204/97, Burkina%20faso/Comm.%20204-97.pdf.
    • Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion, I.C.J. Reports 1996.
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    • Boucherf v. Algeria, Communication No. 1196/2003, 27 April 2006.
    • Magomadov and Magomadov v. Russia, ECHR, 12 July 2007.

    ·       Kupreškić et al., IT-95-16-T, 14 January 2000, available at:


    - Documents & Reports

    • A/RES/33/173
    • A/RES/47/133
    • Declaration on Principles of International Law concerning Friendly Relations and Co-operation among States in Accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, General Assembly Resolution 2625 (XXV) of 24 October 1970.
    • Declaration on the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance of 18 December 1992, A/RES/47/133.
    • Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, Fact Sheet No. 6/Rev.3.
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    • Inter-American Convention on the Forced Disappearance of Persons of June 9 1994.
    • Report of the Intersessional Open-ended Working Group to Elaborate a Draft Legally Binding Normative Instrument for the Protection of all, E/CN.4/2006/57, 2 February 2006. Persons from Enforced Disappearance
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    • Report of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances of 27 December 2005.
    • Report of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, E/CN.4/2002/79, 18 January 2002.
    • Resolution 33/173 of 20 December 1978.
    • ·       Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, A/CONF.157/23, 12 July 1993.
    • Without a Trace: Enforced Disappearances in Syria, 19 December 2013.
    • Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, General Comment on Enforced Disappearance as a Continuous Crime.
    • Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, General Comment on the Right to the Truth in Relation to Enforced Disappearances.
    • Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, General Comment on Enforced Disappearances as a Crime Against Humanity.

    ·       Communications, Cases Examined, Observations, and other Activities Conducted by the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances, A/HRC/WGEID/108/1, 15 April 2016.

    ·       Mexico: Crisis of Enforced Disappearances, available at: news/2013/02/20/mexico-crisis-enforced-disappearances.


    - Websites