Critique of Legislative Measures to Combat Human Trafficking in Iran in Light of International Human Rights Law

Document Type : academic


1 Associate Professor, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran

2 Master of International Law, Shahid Beheshti University


Human trafficking is a serious organized crime. In recent years, the number of victims for various reasons has been increased and the crime has become one of the most important threats against the international community, which requires international attentions to the methods to combat this important crime, such as legislative actions in forms of certain rules and regulations. This article, first, reviews the importance of this crime in human communities and thenexamines the laws and regulations in Iranian legal system enacted to combat human trafficking in light of international human rights law. The article, in particular, studies the laws regarding the trafficking of women and children. The article also examines the measures foreseen in the law and regulations in order to prevent this crime, to punish the perpetrators, and to provide protection for the victims specifically for women and children. Finally, it concludes that the measures, though necessary, do not provide enough protection and need to be amended so that the perpetrators are being prosecuted promptly and the victims are being provided with more protection and rehabilitation.


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    ـ مقاله

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    ب. انگلیسی

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    • Kyle, David, and Rey Koslowski, Global Human Smuggling: Comparative Perspectives, JHU Press, 2011.
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    • The Vienna Forum to Fight Human Trafficking, “011 Workshop: Human Trafficking for the Removal of Organs and Body Part”, 13-15 February 2008, Austria, Vienna, Background Paper.


    - Documents

    • Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, as amended by protocols No. 11 and No. 14 Rome. 4. XI. 1950.
    • Convention for the Suppression of the Traffic in Persons and of the Exploitation the Prostitution of Others, approved by General Assembly resolution 317(IV) of 2 December 1949.
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    • The International Convention on the Protection of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families,adopted by General Assembly resolution 45/158 of 18 December 1990.
    • The Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, drafted 17 July 1998 and entry to force 1 July 2002.
    • The Universal Declaration of Human Rights, adopted and proclaimed by the General Assembly of the United Nations on 10 December 1948.