Environmental Protection under the Commission for Environmental Cooperation of NAFTA

Document Type : academic


1 Associate Professor in International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran

2 Corresponding Author, Master of International Law, Faculty of Law, Shahid Beheshti University, Tehran,


Trade liberalization and trade activities may have direct impacts on environment. The aim of this research is to study the importance of environment in the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) and the function of Commission for Environmental Cooperation (CEC) in addressing environmental complaints. Another axis of this research is NAFTA renegotiations and American trade agreement which is called USMCA in 2018 and compare it with the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) which is a trade agreement between Canada and Europe. The research using an analytical-descriptive method concludes that according to the commission actions, the commission has been successful in showing transparency and also in the implementation of plans of the member States and as a result can be a good model for the same organizations.


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