پرونده گابچیکُوو ـ ناگیماروس: نقش دیوان بین‌المللی دادگستری در برجسته‌سازی مفهوم توسعه پایدار

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بینالملل دانشگاه بوعلی سینا، همدان

10.22066/cilamag.2016.23526

چکیده

قضیه پروژه گابچیکوو ـناگیماروس اولین قضیه مطروحه در دیوان بین‌المللی دادگستری راجع به توسعه پایدار بود. این مقاله، ضمن بررسی این قضیه، به تحلیل سه جنبة مرتبط از این اصل می‌پردازد که در رأی دیوان به آن‌ها پرداخته شد. این سه جنبه عبارت است از: مفهوم توسعه پایدار، اصل اقدامات احتیاطی و اصل ارزیابی تأثیرات زیست‌محیطی. مقاله به این نتیجه رسیده‌ است که هم نظر اکثریت قضات دیوان و هم دیدگاه قاضی ویرامانتری، نایب‌رئیس وقت دیوان، بر توسعه حقوق بین‌الملل محیط‌زیست در این حوزه تأثیر داشته ‌است، اما این تأثیر، فراگیر و جامع نبوده است.

 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project Case: The Role of the International Court of Justice in Highlighting the Concept of Sustainable Development

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sattar Azizi 1
  • Seyyed Mahdi Mousavi 2
چکیده [English]

This paper studies the Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros project, the first case before the International Court of Justice dealing with the concept of sustainable development. In particular, this paper analyzes three related aspects of this principle addressed in the Court’s judgment: the concept of sustainable development; the principle of precautionary acts; and the principle of environmental impact. It has been concluded in this paper that both the opinion of the majority of judges and the view of the Vice-President of the Court, Judge Weeramantry, have contributed to the development of the international environmental law, but their impacts have not been comprehensive.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable development
  • Gabčíkovo-Nagymaros Project Case
  • the International Court of Justice
  • International Environmental Law
  • environment

الف) فارسی

ـ کتاب

  • بلز، چیکایا؛ چکیده رویه قضایی در حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، ترجمه: همایون حبیبی، انتشارات دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، 1387.
  • شاو، ملکم؛ حقوق بین‌الملل محیط‌زیست، ترجمه: علی مشهدی و حسن خسروشاهی، خرسندی، 1392.
  • ضیایی بیگدلی، محمدرضا و دیگران؛ آراء و نظریات مشورتی دیوان بین‌المللی دادگستری، جلد دوم، انتشارات دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی، 1388.

 

ـ مقاله

  • گرجی مهلبانی، یوسف؛ «نقد معماری پایدار و نقد آن در حوزه محیط‌زیست»، نشریه علمی ـ پژوهشی انجمن علمی معماری و شهرسازی ایران، شماره 1، پاییز 1389.

 

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