تکامل جایگاه هنجاری توسعه پایدار در نظام حقوق بین‌الملل

نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دکترای حقوق بین‌الملل دانشکده‌ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

2 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران

چکیده

توسعه را می‌توان محصول مشارکت و سهم‌‌خواهی جهان سوم از حقوق بین‌الملل تلقی کرد. در طول سال‌ها، سیری تاریخی در رابطه با تحول مفهومی و جایگاه هنجاری قواعد توسعه در حقوق بین‌الملل قابل مشاهده است. حق بر توسعه که ابتدائاً با اقتصادی و اساساً برای نگاهی صرفاً ایجاد نظم نوین اقتصادی مطرح شد، به‌تدریج به ابعاد مفهومی جدیدی مانند توسعة اجتماعی توجه کرد و پذیرش همین مضمون، بنیانی شد برای طرح مفاهیم دیگر مبتنی بر توسعه، مانند توسعة انسانی، توسعة هزاره و نیز توسعة پایدار. مورد اخیر در قالب الگویی برای سازندگی پایدار با ادغام سه رکن توسعة اقتصادی، توسعة اجتماعی و محیط‌زیست، به نوعی تعیّنِ مفهوم توسعه ‌است. می‌توان تبیین ماهیت توسعة پایدار در حقوق بین‌الملل را یکی از چالش‌برانگیزترین موضوعات در حوزة حقوق بین‌الملل تلقی کرد. این چالش به گونه‌ای از ابتدای طرح مباحث مرتبط با حق بر توسعه در فضای حقوق بین‌الملل وجود داشته و تا امروز در این‌ باره در میان حقوق‌دانان بین‌المللی اتفاق‌نظری شکل نگرفته است. با لحاظ سیر تکاملی و کارکردهای توسعة پایدار، پژوهش حاضر در قالب مطالعة توصیفی– تحلیلی، به تبیین ماهیت و رفع ابهامات در خصوص جایگاه توسعة پایدار به‌عنوان تعهد بین‌المللی در حقوق بین‌الملل می‌پردازد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Evolution of Normative Status of Sustainable Development in International Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mahshid Ajeli Lahiji 1
  • Pouria Askary 2
1 Ph.D in International Law, Department of law and political sciences, Allame Tabataba'i University, Tehran,
2 Associate Professor of Allame Tabataba'i University, Tehran
چکیده [English]

Development could be considered as the outcome of the third-world’s engagement and demand for participation in international law. Over the years, the concept and normative position of the rules of development has undergone a historical evolution. The right to development initially conceived with a purely economic perspective and essential to create a new economic order, gradually took on new conceptual dimensions, such as social development. Reception of these aspects has led to the establishment of new concepts such as human development, millennium development, and also sustainable development. The latter has been regarded as the self-actualization of the concept of development by combining the three pillars of economic, social, and environmental development in the form of a sustainable construction. Explaining the nature of sustainable development has been one of the most challenging subjects in the current international law system in which scholars have yet to come to a consensus in this regard. Considering the evolution and the functions of sustainable development, this article using a descriptive-analytical method tries to determine the normative position of sustainable development as an international obligation in international law.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Sustainable development
  • Normative Status
  • International law principles
  • Customary Principle
  • الف. فارسی

    - کتاب

    • ژانرو، مونیک شمیلیه؛ بشریت و حاکمیت­ها: سیری در حقوق بین‌الملل، ترجمه: مرتضی کلانتریان، آگاه، 1382.
    • عسکری، پوریا؛ حقوق سرمایه‌گذاری خارجی در رویۀ داوری بین‌المللی، شهر دانش، 1394.
    • فلسفی، هدایت­الله؛ صلح جاویدان و حکومت قانون: دیالکتیک همانندی و تفاوت، فرهنگ نشر نو، 1390.

     

    - مقاله

    • اسلامی، رضا و مهشید آجلی لاهیجی؛ «چالش­های توسعة اجتماعی در نظام بین‌المللی حقوق بشر»، تحقیقات حقوقی، شمارة 74، پاییز 1395.
    • شمسائی، محمد؛ «حقوق بین­الملل اقتصادی و اصل توسعة پایدار»، پژوهش حقوق عمومی، دورة 8، شمارة 19، بهار 1385.
    • شهبازی، آرامش؛ «توسعة پایدار یا پایداری توسعه در حقوق بین‌الملل»، مجلة حقوقی بین­المللی، دورة 27، شمارة 42، بهار و تابستان 1389.
    • عزیزی، ستار و سیدمهدی موسوی؛ « پروندة گابچیکوو ـ ناگیماروس: نقش دیوان بین‌المللی دادگستری در برجسته‌سازی مفهوم توسعة پایدار»، مجلة حقوقی بین­المللی، سال سی­وسوم، شمارة 55، پاییز و زمستان 1395.

     

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