AL Hassan, Abdulaziz “Money Laundering and Terrorism Financing: Does the Saudi Arabian Financial Intelligence Unit Comply with International Standards?”, Research Master Thesis, Victoria University, 2011.
Berg, Svenja and McCarthy, Killian J., “The Economics of ISIS — A Case of Theft or Money Laundering?”, Freedom from Fear, vol. 11, 2016.
Bierer, Timothy, “Hashing Out: The Problems and Solutions Concerning Cryptocurrency Used as Article 9 Collateral”, Case W. Res. J. L. Tech. & Internet, vol. 77, iss.1, 2016.
Bryanov, Kirill, “France and Germany: How Regulatory Traditions in Two Countries Could Affect EU Legislation”, CoinTelegraph.com, March 30, 2018.
Burns, Janet, ‘Cut Off from Big Fintech, White Nationalists Are Using Bitcoin to Raise Funds”, Forbes, 3 January 2018.
Chavez-Dreyfuss, Gertrude, “About $1.2 Billion in Cryptocurrency Stolen Since 2017”, Cybercrime Group, 2018.
Europol, “Mastermind Behind EUR 1 Billion Cyber Bank Robbery Arrested in Spain”, Europol Press Release, 26 March 2018.
Gilbert, David, “Criminals are Racing to Cash Out Their Bitcoin. Here’s How They’re Doing It”, Vice, 19 March 2018.
Goldman, Zachary; Maruyama, Ellie; Rosenberg, Elizabeth; Saravalle, Eduardo; Solomon-Strauss, Julia, “Terrorist Use of Virtual Currencies: Containing the Potential Threat”, Center for New American Security, Washington, 3 May, 2017.
Greenberg, Andy, “End of the Silk Road: FBI Says It’s Busted the Web’s Biggest Anonymous Drug Market”, Forbes, 2 October, 2013.
Higgins, Stan, ‘ISIS-Linked Blog: Bitcoin Can Fund Terrorist Movements Worldwide”, CoinDesk, 7 July, 2014.
Kimberley, Thachuk, “Terrorism’s Financial Lifeline: Can It Be Severed?”, Strategic Forum, Institute for National Strategic Studies, National Defense University, no. 191. 2002.
Maxey, Levi, “Terrorists Stalk the Dark Web for Deadlier Weaponry”, The Cipher Brief, 17 January, 2018.
Authors: Tom Keatinge, David Carlisle, Florence Keen; Responsible Research Administrator: Kristiina Milt, “Virtual Currencies and Terrorist Financing: Assessing the Risks and Evaluating Responses”, Policy Department for Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, European Parliament, 2018.
Neumann, Richard and Basra, Rajan, “Crime as Jihad: Developments in the Crime-Terror Nexus in Europe”, CTC Sentinel, vol. 10, iss. 9, Combatting Terrorism Center, October 2017.
Pacleb, Calvin Lee, “International Money Laundering: A Comprehensive Review and General Theory of Corruption”, 2003, https://ttu-ir.tdl.org/handle/2346/141282003.
Pacy, Eric P.,“Tales from the Cryptocurrency: On Bitcoin, Square Pegs, and Round Holes”, New Eng. L. Rev. vol. 49, 2014.
Plessis, Paul du, “The Nature of Decentralized Virtual Currencies: Benefits, Risks and Regulations”, World Trade Institute, 2014.
Prentis, Mitchell, “Digital Metal: Regulating Bitcoin as a Commodity”, Case W. Res. J.L. Tech. & Internet, vol. 66, iss. 2, 2015.
Redman, Jamie, “Chainalysis Raises $16Mn – Plans to Monitor Multiple Blockchains”, Bitcion.com, 6 April, 2018.
Schneider, Friedrich, “Macroeconomics: The Financial Flows of Islamic Terrorism”. In: Masciandaro
D. (ed.) Global Financial Crime: Terrorism, Money Laundering and Offshore Center
, CRC Press Book, 2004.
Torpey, Kyle, “AlphaBay Comments on Bitcoin Congestion, Monero Adoption and Zcash Possibilities”, Bitcoin Magazine, 21 December, 2016.
Barski, Conrad and Wilmer, Chris, Bitcoin for the Befuddled, No Starch Press, 2015.
Gunaratna, Rohan, Inside Al Qaeda: Global Network of Terror, Columbia University Press; First Printing Edition, 2002.
Kuo Chuen, David Lee, Handbook of Digital Currency: Bitcoin, Innovation, Financial Instruments, and Big Data, Elsevier Inc., 2015.
Mishkin, Fredrick S., The Economics of Money Banking and Financial Markets, Pearson Education, 4th Edition, 2004.
- Reports and Recommendations
Amending Directive (EU) 2015/849 on the prevention of the use of the financial system for the purposes of money laundering or terrorist financing, and amending Directives 2009/138/EC and 2013/36/EU, 2018.
Application of FinCEN’s Regulations to Persons Administering, Exchanging, or Using Virtual Currencies, FIN-2013-G001, March 18, 2013.
CTIF-CFI, 23rd Annual Report, Belgian Financial Intelligence Processing Unit (CTIF-CFI), 2016.
Customer Advisory: Understand the Risks of Virtual Currency Trading, 2018.
European Central Bank, Virtual Currency Schemes – A Further Analysis, 2015.
Europol, Internet Organised Threat Assessment (IOCTA Report 2017), 2017.
FATF, Report on Money Laundering Typologies, 2000-2001.
FATF, Emerging Terrorist Finance Risks, 2015.
FATF, Report to G20 Finance Ministers and Central Bank Governors, Paris, 2018.
FATF, Financing of Terrorism for Recruitment Purposes, 2018.
FATF, Guidance for a Risk-Based Approach: Virtual Currencies, Paris, 2015.
FATF, Money Laundering Using New Payment Methods, Paris, 2010.
FATF, Report on New Payment Methods, Paris, 2006.
FATF, Virtual Currencies: Key Definitions and Potential AML/CFT Risks, Paris, 2014.
IMF and the Fight against Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism, 2018.
Prepared Remarks of FinCEN Director Kenneth A. Blanco, delivered at the 2018 Chicago-Kent Block (Legal) Tech Conference, 2018.
Request for Administrative Ruling on the Application of FinCEN’s Regulations to a Virtual Currency Trading Platform, Fin. Crimes Enforcement Network, Fin-2014-R011, 2014.