حقوق بین‌الملل و قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران (موردکاوی: جایگاه گروه اقدام مالی)

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار دانشکده حقوق پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران، قم

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین‌الملل، دانشگاه تهران، پردیس فارابی، قم

10.22066/cilamag.2019.85163.1498

چکیده

امروزه حقوق بین‌الملل به مثابه نظام حقوقی، وضعیت حقوقی پیچیده و منحصربه­فردی دارد. این وضعیت حقوقی پیچیده و خاص، بر شیوه تعامل نظام‌های حقوقی ملی با نظم حقوقی بین‌المللی تأثیر گذاشته است. در نتیجه، بازتعریف شیوه تعامل نظام‌های حقوقی ملی با نظم حقوقی بین‌المللی برای هر نظم حقوقی ملی ازجمله نظام حقوقی جمهوری اسلامی ایران ضرورت دارد تا به این ترتیب، در رابطه با مخلوقات متنوع حقوقی نظام حقوق بین‌الملل در نظم حقوقی ملی، شیوه‌های ناهماهنگ، متعارض، نادرست و فاقد توجیه اتخاذ نشود.
در این پژوهش، ابتدا با ارائه توصیفی کلی از ماهیت اجزای متمایز حقوق بین‌الملل، تلاش شده است تا وضعیت پیچیده کنونی این نظم حقوقی در رابطه با اجزای متشکله آن به‌عنوان الگوی کلی توصیف شود و در ادامه با تمرکز بر یکی از مصادیق جدید این اجزای متشکله حقوق بین‌الملل، یعنی گروه اقدام مالی و اقدامات آن، ظرفیت نظام حقوقی ملی جمهوری اسلامی ایران ذیل اصول 77 و 125 قانون اساسی بازخوانی و الگوی کلی موضع نظام حقوق ملی کشور در رابطه با اجزای متشکله جدیدتر حقوق بین‌الملل روشن شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

International Law and the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran Case Study: Recommendations of FATF

نویسندگان [English]

  • Alireza Ebrahimgol 1
  • Mohammad Saleh Attar 2
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law, Farabi Campus, University of Tehran, Qom
2 PhD Student in International Law, University of Tehran, Farabi Campus, Qom
چکیده [English]

The interaction of national legal systems with international legal order needs to be reviewed. This paper describes the state of the current international legal order in a generalized framework, focusing on one of the recent examples of these international components- the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) as a “legal regime”- in the virtue of verifying the capacity of the Islamic Republic of Iran's national legal system to face this situation and evaluating the distinct principles of Iran's Constitution on the Islamic Consultative Assembly. In this way, the general pattern of the position of Iran's legal system is criticized. Accordingly, the exercise of parliamentary competence is possible and necessary concerning the deal with recommendations of FATF under the principles of 77 and 125 of the Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Legal Order
  • Financial Action Task Force
  • Legal Regime
  • Principles 77 and 125
الف. فارسی

ـ کتاب

  • خلف رضایی، حسین؛ شرح اصل 77 قانون اساسی، شرح مبسوط قانون اساسی، پژوهشکده شورای نگهبان، 1392.
  • مهرپور، حسین؛ مختصر حقوق اساسی، دادگستر، 1393.
  • فلسفی، هدایت‌الله؛ حقوق معاهدات بین‌المللی، چاپ دوم، ویراست دوم، فرهنگ نشر نو، 1383،
  • هاشمی، سید محمد؛ حقوق اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران، جلد دوم، میزان، 1387.
 

ـ مقاله

  • زیباکلام، سعید؛ «علم‌شناسی کوهن و نظریه گشتالتی»، مجله حوزه و دانشگاه، سال نهم، شماره 34، بهار 1382.
 

ـ قانون

  • صورت مشروح مذاکرات مجلس بررسی نهایی قانون اساسی جمهوری اسلامی ایران، 1364، ج 2: 860، 864.
  • نظر تفسیری شماره 3903 مورخ 7/8/1360 شورای نگهبان.
  • ______________ 9039 مورخ 9/4/1362 شورای نگهبان.
  • ______________ 9993 مورخ 8/9/1362 شورای نگهبان.
  • ______________ 9993 مورخ 8/9/1362 شورای نگهبان.
  • نظریه شماره 2009 مورخ 16/8/1363 شورای نگهبان.
  • _________ 3786 مورخ 19/4/1364 شورای نگهبان.
  • _________ 7249 مورخ 23/9/1373 شورای نگهبان.
 

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- Websites