عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسنده [English]چکیده [English]
Following the Somali government collapse in the 1990s and consequently growing pirates attacks on commercial vessels and noncommercial ships transferring humanitarian aids to Somali people, international community has faced with numerous problems. As a result of the emergence of these difficulties and worsening situation, UN Security Council issued several resolutions under Chapter 7 of UN Charter and determined that the incidents of piracy and armed rubbery at sea in the waters of the coast of Somalia exacerbate the situation in Somalia which continues to constitute a threat to international peace and security in the region. Although, these resolutions frequently declared that the states extraordinary rights and duties in this regard shall not be considered as establishing a customary international law, but states practices especially in arrest, prosecution and trial of pirates are going to establish a new international law on combating piracy which is beyond the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea.