پیامدهای خوانش دستور گرایانه از حقوق بین الملل

نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشکده حقوق و الهیات دانشگاه شهید اشرفی اصفهانی

2 استاد حقوق در دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران

10.22066/cilamag.2018.31882

چکیده

اگرچه هنوز نمی‌توان با قاطعیت از «قانون اساسی بین‌المللی» سخن گفت یا فهرست قواعد دستوری بین‌المللی را احصا کرد، دستورگرایی به‌عنوان یک رویکرد در خوانش و تفسیر حقوق بین‌الملل، جایگاه خود را یافته است. چنین فهمی از حقوق بین‌الملل که کارکرد اصلی‌ا‌ش، همچنان تنظیم روابط میان حاکمیت دولت‌های برابر است، آثاری به دنبال دارد و موجب تحول در ادراک این نظام حقوقی می‌شود. مطالعه تحلیلی ـ توصیفی حاضر نشان می‌دهد که خوانش دستورگرایانه، انگاره‌های سلسله‌مراتبی حقوق بین‌الملل را تقویت می‌کند و ازاین­رو، سبب شفافیت و انسجام حقوق برای تابعان می‌شود و تفسیر قواعد را نیز تحت تأثیر قرار می‌دهد. به‌علاوه، هم حاکمیت ملی و هم حکمرانی بین‌المللی در پرتو قواعد دستوری، با محدودیت‌های عملی روبه­رو می‌شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Consequences of Constitutional Reading of International Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Maghami 1
  • Abbasali Kadkhodaei 2
1 Assistant Professor, Faculty of Law and Theology, Shahid Ashrafi Isfahani, Isfahan University;
2 Professor of law at Faculty of Law and Political Sciences, University of Tehran
چکیده [English]

Although it is not possible now to have a claim on the existence of an “international (codified) constitution” or a decisive list of international constitutional rules, constitutionalism as an approach for reading and interpretation of the international law has developed its foundation. Such understanding of the international law – that its main function is the regulation of relations between equal sovereign States - leads to the evolution of perception of this legal system. This analytical–descriptive study shows that constitutional reading promotes hierarchical tenets of international law and so, causes transparency and integrity for its subjects and affects the interpretation of the rules. Furthermore, both national sovereignty and international governance face practical constraints in the light of constitutional rules.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Constitutionalism
  • International Law
  • Normative Hierarchy
  • Interpretation
  • Sovereignty
  • International Governance

منابع:

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