عنوان مقاله [English]
Cloud computing is one ofthe emerging features of cyberspace. Accordingly, personal data is generated and exchanged in the account of the user or user environment in the cyberspace. This data is transmitted to and stored by overseas datacenters in the control and use of electronic service provider companies. The crime itself and the criminal transmission of data are no exception to this process.Criminal investigations in this area are in conflict with the territorial jurisdiction and sovereignty of the foreign government. On the one hand, the provider of the intranet services does not disclose the information of its users to the authorities by justifying privacy. On the other hand, The Data Center State also does not accept the criminal jurisdiction of the government requesting the criminal data by justifyingthe interference with its sovereignty.This situationin the relevent judicial precedent in Microsoft case has led to a conflict between the application of the principle of territorial jurisdiction and the exercise of the sovereignty of the foreign government. The issuance of the order for the Microsoft by the United States Court to justify the intrinsic territoriality of its center of operation to disclose information stored in a datacenter located in Ireland has faced with the challenge of extending jurisdiction beyond territorial boundaries and intervening in thirdState affairs. Criminal investigations based on the use of internal (territorial) judicial authorizations for access to data stored in the territory of the foreign State has encountered with a deadlock on the requirements of international criminal law.The solution to this situation is to resort to a treaty of reciprocal legal cooperation. However, this cooperation also requires the observance and separation of domestic and foreign criminal jurisdiction and respect for the exercise of the sovereignty of the foreign government in its territory.
- International Jurisprudence and Instruments