نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی
استادیار گروه حقوق و مطالعات راهبردی پژوهشگاه ملی اقیانوسشناسی و علوم جوی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Nearly 60 years have passed since the ratification and entry into force of the Antarctic Treaty.The legal regime of the Antarctic and the way States accede to the Antarctic Treaty, and in general, the Antarctic TreatySystem, as well as the legal system that protects the environment all possess unique character. Meanwhile, one of the most significant issues seems to be the security dimension of the Antarctic legal system. The question of how security in the Continent is shaped and the quality of its institutionalization within the international legal system of Antarctica is a matter that requires careful and scrupulous attention.
The author believes that the above-mentioned legal system, in particular its security dimension, can be regarded as a miniature of the realization of the superior model of international law and the emergence of an ideal form of an international legal system through which the participation of the Statesin the compliance and ensure compliance with their international obligations are provided inter alia through the provision of effective enforcement measures. Hence, issues such as the provisions in which the Antarctic Treaty, in general, and the Antarctic Treaty System, in particular, have envisaged and regulated regarding thesecurity of the Continent and how effective they are in Antarctica;and disadvantages and shortcomings therein that need to be modifiedareamong the most important issues that are discussed and evaluated in this paper.