1 نویسنده مسئول، عضو هیأت علمی دانشگاه پیام نور.
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بینالملل
عنوان مقاله [English]
Rules in Conflict of Law are based on physical proximity. So nature and form of contracts will be governed by the law with the closest connection. Physical proximity which has been typically reflected in lex loci solutionis and lex domicilii, is manily location focused. Applying these connecting factors in order to determine competent law, we need to find a location, since they are all based on a material location. But since there is no place in cyberspace, how can we determine competent law governing the form and nature of electronic contracts through these connecting factors? So, this question is principally a challenge for private international law. What is lawmakers’ approach to deal with this challenge? This article seeks to review methods adopted by Iran, United States, UNCITRAL and EU law to cope with this challenge.