نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی
1 استاد دانشکده حقوق دانشگاه شهید بهشتی
2 سر دفتر اسناد رسمی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Evaluating the UN Security Council’s performance regarding monitoring is one of the controversial issues in International Law. Regarding this, some international legal scholars believe that in addition to its vital tasks and mandates, the UN Security Council has procedural and substantive limitations and should be legally responsible for its decisions. According to this point of view, it is intended to indicate how UN Security Council’s decisions could be internally and externally monitored through self–control, judicial, quasi-judicial and administrative monitoring. To explain the aspects of this monitoring, it is explained how the UN General Assembly, international tribunals and particularly the International Court of Justice, regional and even national courts and perhaps states may challenge and review the UN Security Council’s decisions in accordance with international law. Furthermore, it is discussed how the UN Security Council’s accountability mainly sanction resolutions in recent decades are reflected in light of human rights standards in the decisions of some adjudicative bodies, and that the indirect control over Security Council decisions has been realized.