نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی
1 عضو هیات علمی دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه
2 کارشناسی ارشد رشته دیپلماسی و سازمان های بین المللی گرایش حقوق بین الملل، دانشکده روابط بین الملل وزارت امور خارجه
عنوان مقاله [English]
Law of Evidence plays a significant role in advancing the implementation of justice in International Proceedings. In international claims, the states collect and present the evidence as the litigants. It is conceivable that one of the parties violates International Law and the other party's rights to obtain evidence through illegal methods. In this regard, the admissibility of illegally obtained evidence has become a controversial issue in jurisprudence and International Law doctrines. This issue has been discussed recently with the diplomatic cables leak through the WikiLeaks website. In some international proceedings, the litigants have tried to use the cables as evidence to prove a fact before international and domestic courts. The present article aims to answer this question: what is the status of the admissibility of disclosed diplomatic cables in the procedure of international judicial proceedings? This article shows that despite the importance of finding the evidence in substantiation of claims, in international judicial proceedings, the international courts and tribunals are reluctant to accept them on their own initiative until the litigants raise objections to that evidence.
In this study, first of all, the theoretical foundations of the admissibility of illegally obtained evidence in International Law have been explained. Then the international practices regarding the admissibility of disclosed diplomatic cables have been illuminated.
- Case Law