نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بین الملل عمومی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 استادیار گروه حقوق عمومی، دانشکدۀ حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
There is almost a consensus, in the case law of International Court of Justice and the opinions of its Judges, as well as in the doctrine, regarding the non-binding nature of the Advisory Opinions of the Court. However, there is a disagreement about the legal effects of the Advisory Opinions of the International Court of Justice. The very recent ruling by the Special Chamber of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea in the Mauritius/ Maldives case in preliminary objections, relying on the International Court of Justice's 2019 Advisory Opinion in the “Legal Consequences of the Separation of the Chagos Archipelago from Mauritius in 1965”, led to the rejection of one of the Maldivian government's preliminary objections. This raises the question that what credibility can be given to the legal effects of ICJ Advisory Opinions under International Law. Although most experts believe that the legal effects of the Court's Advisory Opinions cannot be ignored, it seems that it is not possible to consider a single ruling on the legal effects of all Advisory Opinions, but rather to determine the criteria by which the weight of the legal status of each Advisory Opinion should be evaluated and reviewed separately.
رضادوست، وحید، دیوان بینالمللی دادگستری: ساختار استدلالی، رویۀ قضایی، سیاست حقوقی، تهران: نشر نگاه معاصر، 1401.
- Judgments, Orders, and Advisory Opinions (and Related Materials)
- UN Documents