نویسنده مسئول، دکتری حقوق بینالملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبایی
عنوان مقاله [English]
Human domination over time and space and, consequently, globalization of crime has led to new opportunities of global nature to commit crime. Globalized crimes occur in an organized fashion to bring profit to and serve violent purposes of criminals around the world, threatening human dignity, safety, and fundamental rights, compromising international security, and denying humans of their right to security. States cannot prevent such crimes on their own and without creating international consensus on this matter. Given the inclination of states to prevention measures directed by the guidelines of the United Nations, the present study aims to examine and illustrate the process of development of basic international obligations of states and how they focus on preventing globalized crimes. The present study employs a descriptive analytical approach and the data are qualitatively analyzed based on the researcher’s understanding of available documents and texts on international prevention of crime. The findings indicate that basic international obligations of states in preventing globalized crimes stem from a variety of bases ranging from protecting human rights and dignity, human life, human security, sustainable development, membership in the international community, requirement for global prevention of globalized crime and addressing the new threats to global security and system. Preventing globalized crimes requires global thinking and global-national actions.