نوع مقاله : علمی پژوهشی
1 دانشیار دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق خصوصی، دانشکده حقوق و علوم سیاسی دانشگاه تهران
عنوان مقاله [English]
Economic sanctions imposed by the United States of America have affected various sectors of the economy, health, and treatment in Iran for many years. Although the Sanctioning government always claims that the sanctions do not include the health sector and medical equipment, yet in practice, sanctioning banking sectors blocks the purchase of essential pharmaceutical items. In addition, foreign companies' fears of US secondary sanctions, despite the explicit provisions of the International Court of Justice's provisional measures excluding transactions in food and medicine, have prevented them from cooperating with the Iranian individuals and entities. With the outbreak of the Coronavirus, especially in the early stages, the shortage of drugs and medical supplies has disrupted the country's treatment system for effective and rapid response to the Coronavirus, which is a gross violation of fundamental human rights, the very rights which have been repeatedly emphasized in numerous international instruments. The purpose of this study is to prove the legitimacy of Iran in claiming this fundamental right in national and international fora, to provide better management of this crisis, and the possibility of compensation for damages caused by sanctions.